|Isaiah Chapter 7-8
This uses many people and place names. In the end we are only talking about three kingdoms—Judah, Israel, and Syria — with different titles for each:
- Syria = Damascus (capital city) = Rezin (king)
- Israel = Samaria (capital city) = Ephraim (dominant tribe) = Pekah, son of Remaliah (king)
- Judah = Jerusalem (capital city) = Ahaz, son of Jotham (king)
|Isaiah Chapter 9-10
The Northern Kingdom is sometimes referred to as “Samaria,” or “Ephraim”.
It was apostate and corrupt since the days of Jeroboam, who had led them in their separation from the Southern Kingdom.
The Southern Kingdom comprised the tribes of Judah (Judea), Benjamin, and any others who wanted to keep their religion pure and worship in the Jerusalem temple.
|Isaiah Chapter 11-12.
The Son becomes the King. Judgment against Israel.
Assyria an instrument in God's hands. Destruction of Assyria a type of the Second Coming. A Remnant shall return. The Stem of Jesse.
After declaring God’s judgment and mercy through the saving of the remnant, Isaiah and the people conclude with a song of triumph, praise, and thanksgiving.
|Isaiah Chapter 13-16
The burden of Babylon” (Isa. 13:1); Isaiah
foresaw its rise and destruction. ‘Burden’ as used in Isaiah is a
message of doom ‘lifted up’ against a people.” Isaiah’s warnings to
Babylon regarding it’s fall are both literal and spiritual; literal
fall, and the fall of the World or Satan’s kingdom (also called
Babylon) in the latter days.
sense of wonder and awe over Babylon’s [double] destruction is evident
in both Isaiah’s and John’s writings. How is it possible that a
city/empire/world so admired by men, so powerful and rich, could come
|Isaiah Chapter 17-23
calls to repentance and prophesies of coming judgment were not limited
to Judah and Israel, but extended to many Gentile nations surrounding
his own land... it would be easy to ask: How can the Lord use as his
servant such evil empires, like Assyria and Babylon?
In the early part
of chapter 13, Assyria was a tool in the Lord’s hand to chasten Israel
and Judah (see chapters 7-8). Babylon will later be the same kind of
tool against a wicked Judah.
Because Aram (Syria) and Ephraim (Israel) allied against Judah, they are combined in their oracle.
These chapters sum with two words: "sin"and "punishment".
Isaiah deals in contradictions: the heavens and the earth; now and
later; judgment and salvation; sin and punishment. Sin has consequences that the Lord will exact on his recalcitrant
Today, our sins may not be
exactly those of the people Isaiah taught but they have the similar
consequences. Unless we exercise the faith (hearing and seeing),
repentance (turning around), baptism (washing and cleansing), receive
the gift of the Holy Ghost (the spirit), and endure to the end, we are
eternally at risk, like the peoples of old.