Triangular pastry filled with poppy seed or prune paste, or fruit jams, eaten during Purim.
One idea is that the pastries are supposed to symbolize the defeated
enemy of the Jewish people, and thus resemble the three-cornered hat of
Another idea is that the resemblance of hamantaschen to dice from the
ancient Babylonian Royal Game of Ur suggests that the pastries are
meant to symbolize the pyramidal shape of the dice cast by Haman in
determining the day of destruction for the Jews.
Yet another: The word tasch means "pouch" or "pocket" in Germanic
languages, and thus the reference may instead be to "Haman's pockets",
symbolizing the money which Haman offered to Ahasuerus in exchange for
permission to destroy the Jews.